This region is considered the second-largest in surface area, covering about 700,000 square kilometers. Located in the south and southwest of the continent, the Australian Mediterranean region is formed by two separate sectors.
Highlight: There are primitive species of trees that have grown in this region. They are characterized by displaying a homogeneous behavior while growing.
This particular zone of the Botanical Garden occupies a narrow coastal strip from Cape Blanco in the US to Punta Baja in Mexico, with its center corresponding to San Francisco. This region covers an area of about 100-200 kilometers towards the interior of the continent.
Highlight: The Californian stretch consists of about 4300 known species, out of which almost 35% are endemic.
This region is developed due to the lands that surround the Mediterranean Sea. With an area of about 2,300,000 square kilometers, it is spread across European, Asian, and African territories.
Highlight: This region consists of 25,000 known species, with 50% being endemic. The flora here is used to withstand various environmental factors that influenced its evolution – summer droughts, prickles, toxic substances, and so on.
The South African Mediterranean region is the smallest amongst the lot, with only a 3% representation of the biome. The summer influence of tropical monsoons out here represents there is no complete dry season.
Highlight: The region contains around 8,550 known species, with 68% being endemic. This zone has very high diversity due to the climate, geographic isolation, and frequent incidence of fires, which has resulted in making it the richest one in the world.
Formed from a narrow coastal strip, this Mediterranean region corresponds to Central Chile with 100 kilometers in length. Due to the high oceanic influence, this region is comparatively cooler and has an abundant incidence of coastal mists.
Highlight: It has 2,400 known species, with 23% being endemic. The region has a great ecological characteristic – it is known for the historic absence of fires, and the presence of herbivores.
Pere Duran I Frell’s family left-back the origins of the bonsai collection in the Barcelona Botanical Garden where he developed and brought together a great collection of around 108 Mediterranean bonsai species. Amongst these 80 of them are in the Garden Collection.
The Salvador family was a very known family of apothecaries from Barcelona who worked around the concept of naturalism. They collected various samples in the regions of the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic islands, thus creating one of the first scientific botanical gardens in Barcelona.
The Banksia species grow in the form of bushes or trees with beautiful spikes of yellow, red, or orange flowers. They have cone-shaped exotic-looking fruits that grow together and refuse to open up until they are burned or are completely dry.
Considered as a species of living fossils, these were formed 200 million years ago and played a major role in being a staple diet of herbivorous dinosaurs. The species is also known as the kaffir pine.
These species have the ability to preserve rainwater inside their leaves and allow them to survive well during drought conditions. These sharp, spiny leaves pulp is traditionally used to cure skin ailments, wounds, burns and also can be used for your skin care routine as a moisturizer.
Familiar with the beautiful aroma given off by its leaves? Eucalyptus has about 800 different species, the majority being native to Australia. The genus has various habitats, in the form of shrub and tree species.
This is a species native not to Peru, but to the Mediterranean. The error occurred because the bulbs were brought from Spain to England on a ship called The Peru.
Ever seen something so blue? Well now you will, as this species of Brahea has the bluest leaves. The flowers of these palm species come through in the form of beautiful clusters of small, whitish, bisexual blooms.
Otherwise known as the little-leaf fig, these species have a feature that has a characteristic of the Ficus genus – where the aerial roots are formed from the branches and trunk, growing downward towards the earth. Once in contact with the soil, they provide the tree with necessary nutrients and water, making it grow into a gigantic size.
With a height of over 25 meters, the stone pine has features that differentiate itself from other Mediterranean pines. The cones of it produce edible pine seeds, which are commonly used as an ingredient in several dishes served in Barcelona.
The Jardi Botanic de Barcelona is open all days of the week from 10am to 7pm.
Although, these hours may slightly differ in the holiday season, like that of Christmas day and St. Stephen’s Day.
So, make sure you visit the Botanical Garden calendar on the website to check out the opening hours before your trip to the Botanical Garden Barcelona.
The Botanical Gardens in Barcelona has a wide selection of flora in regions with Mediterranean climatic conditions all over the world. The area between the Castell de Montjuic and the Olympic stadium consists of various forests and shrubs from Australia, South Africa, California, Chile, the Canary Island, and three other Mediterranean zones.
The emerald-colored botanical garden has rare vegetation from Canary Island. This is very different from the other botanical gardens of Barcelona when you look into the collection of plants and various trees within it. You can see the beautiful landscaping of the gardens which is sure to lure you.
The Botanical Gardens Barcelona are open from 10am to 7pm throughout the week.
The Jardí Botànic de Barcelona is located on Montjuic.
There are a lot of restaurants near the Botanical Gardens Barcelona. You can check out En Parte, Taps, La Come Dia, Olympic Sports Café to name a few.
You can reach the Botanical Gardens Barcelona through metro L1 and L3, through bus no. 150, 13, tourist bus- red route. Another option is to walk 2.5km from the Pl. Espana, which will roughly take about 35 mins to reach.
The IBB (Institut Botànic de Barcelona) specializes in botanical research which has a large comprehensive library and the largest herbaria in Catalonia.
Yes, the Botanical Gardens Barcelona is a safe space to visit. You can always tag along with your family or loved ones to explore the natural habitat.