Are you a nature enthusiast who loves everything green? If yes, we know a place that will feel like paradise to you. With its heart-capturing nature and biodiversity, Park Guell is among the most iconic places in Barcelona. Eusebi Guell commissioned it; he wanted to build an estate for the aristocratic families of Barcelona. This park is now on the list of UNESCO world heritage sites.
History of Park Güell: Park Güell is situated on the land formerly known as the Muntanya Pelada (Bare Mountain). For an extended period, the area was used for farming, including vineyards.
Aleppo Pines and Greenery: In the 1960s, the authorities planted Aleppo pines and bushes that could withstand dry conditions. However, these pines were planted in places where olive and carob trees once stood, which were mostly removed.
Natural Environment and Peace: Park Güell's natural environment, including the towering trees, creates a picturesque landscape that provides inner peace to visitors.
Being a part of the Tres Turons Park area, Park Guell forms an urban nature reserve in Barcelona. Careful plantation and the availability of a large green area make this park rich with biodiversity. Park Guell is spread over 17 hectares, accessible to everyone, and creates a zone of natural value and diversity of species that make them very attractive for visitors. That's why along with cultural tourism, visitors are assured of scenic natural tourism on their visit.
Due to its proximity to Collserola hills and other green areas, this park attracts a wide range of fauna. Animals can find shelter, food, and a place to reproduce and live in this area. Some structures around the Park area have been built keeping in mind the presence of some species.
Various flora species have been planted in the garden, including Mediterranean shrubs like strawberry trees, Common hawthorn, mastic trees, laurustinus, chaste trees, and red valerian trees.
There is a particular pathway that collects runoff water from the mountains and goes into the drainage system. This doesn't let the water collect at one place and avoids situations of waterlogging during heavy rains.
Formerly a nursery, this section gets its name from a donation of trees by the Austrian government in 1977. Many of the trees couldn't survive, as they were high-altitude trees that couldn't adjust to the Mediterranean environment. In 2012, the lawns were eliminated and supplanted by plants with different blossoming periods, fragrant plants, etc., to commemorate the nursery.
Popularly known as an insect hotel, this is a safe spot for bees and insects to make their nests. Insects play a vital role in any ecosystem. They pollinate plants and control harmful pests that spread diseases. It isn't easy to find places to nest in cities. Parks and gardens are generally the best places for insects
The woodland area is known as Vallcarca Wood. It has qualities of natural Mediterranean woodland. This woodland includes stone -pines and Aleppo pines. You can also find common hawthorn and oak trees in this place due to good humidity.
Visitors can see a variety of plants and animals, including pine trees, cacti, lizards, and birds such as hoopoes and parakeets.
Yes. Park Guell is an urban green corridor and is extremely significant from an ecological perspective.
You can find the following reptile species in Park Guell: Moorish gecko (Tarentola mauritanica), Mediterranean house gecko (Hemydactylus turcicus) and the Iberian wall lizard among many others.
Yes, visitors may see endangered species such as the Bonelli's eagle and the Mediterranean tortoise.
There are over 300 species of plants found in the park, including both native and exotic species.
Yes, visitors can take guided tours to learn about the park's biodiversity and conservation efforts.
Yes, visitors are not allowed to touch or disturb the plants and animals in the park.
Measures include regular maintenance of the park's ecosystems, monitoring of species populations, and efforts to reduce human impact on the environment.
Yes, there are several designated areas where visitors can observe wildlife without disturbing their natural habitat.The Austria Gardens.
Park Guell plays a significant role in promoting environmental awareness and conservation through education, outreach, and sustainable management practices.